- 1 What did Michael Phelps win in 2016 Olympics?
- 2 How many medals were awarded in the 2016 Olympics?
- 3 Is Michael Phelps the greatest athlete of all time?
- 4 Does Michael Phelps still hold any world records?
- 5 Has Russia ever won an Olympic medal?
- 6 Was Rio 2016 successful?
- 7 Why is China so successful at Olympics?
- 8 Who is the better athlete Usain Bolt or Michael Phelps?
- 9 What races did Phelps win in the Olympics?
- 10 When did Michael Phelps win his 8th medal?
What did Michael Phelps win in 2016 Olympics?
Michael Phelps’ Olympic medals –
|Athens 2004||100m butterfly||Gold|
|Athens 2004||200m butterfly||Gold|
|Athens 2004||200m medley||Gold|
|Athens 2004||400m medley||Gold|
|Athens 2004||4×200m freestyle||Gold|
|Athens 2004||4×100m medley||Gold|
|Athens 2004||200m freestyle||Bronze|
|Athens 2004||4×100m freestyle||Bronze|
|Beijing 2008||200m freestyle||Gold|
|Beijing 2008||100m butterfly||Gold|
|Beijing 2008||200m butterfly||Gold|
|Beijing 2008||200m medley||Gold|
|Beijing 2008||400m medley||Gold|
|Beijing 2008||4×100m freestyle||Gold|
|Beijing 2008||4×200m freestyle||Gold|
|Beijing 2008||4×100m medley||Gold|
|London 2012||100m butterfly||Gold|
|London 2012||200m medley||Gold|
|London 2012||4×200m freestyle||Gold|
|London 2012||4×100m medley||Gold|
|London 2012||200m butterfly||Silver|
|London 2012||4×100m freestyle||Silver|
|Rio 2016||200m butterfly||Gold|
|Rio 2016||200m medley||Gold|
|Rio 2016||4×100m freestyle||Gold|
|Rio 2016||4×200m freestyle||Gold|
|Rio 2016||4×100m medley||Gold|
|Rio 2016||100m butterfly||Silver|
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How many gold medals did Russia win in 2016?
Why was the 2016 Olympics successful?
The Olympic Games Rio 2016 were truly universal and inclusive. More NOCs than ever before sent athletes to the Games, while women’s participation reached an all time high. For the first time in the history of the Olympic Games a team of refugee athletes was able to participate as part of the Refugee Olympic Team. –
The only global event in a troubled world where the whole world comes together A strong signal of unity in diversity for the international community Athletes from 206 NOCs in addition to the first-ever Refugee Olympic Team More than 45% of athletes were women, the highest number ever 50 NOCs had more women than men in their delegations The Refugee Olympic Team sent a message of inclusion and hope for refugees around the world and received praise from the UN Secretary-General, world leaders at the UN General Assembly as well as leaders from faith, business and other areas of society
I was honoured to meet the refugee athletes, They were a powerful reminder of sport’s ability to promote dignity and human rights. United Nations Secretary General, Ban-ki Moon
Olympic Solidarity supported 815 individual competitors from 171 NOCs as well as the Refugee Olympic Team and helped them win 101 individual medals (33 gold, 26 silver and 42 bronze) 87 NOCs won medals during Rio 2016 Two NOCs — Kosovo and South Sudan — participated in the Olympic Games for the first time Three NOCs — Fiji, Jordan and Kosovo – won their first-ever medals, all of them gold Nine NOC s won their first ever gold medals (Bahrein, Côte d’Ivoire, Fiji, Jordan, Kosovo, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Vietnam, and Tajikistan) 514 Youth Olympic Games Alumni won 80 medals, including 19 gold medals
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How many medals were awarded in the 2016 Olympics?
(GETTY IMAGES) On the obverse, Nike, goddess of victory, flies into the Panathinaikos stadium bringing triumph to the best athlete. For these Games, her figure is accompanied by the specific inscription: “XXXI Olympiada Rio 2016”. The reverse features laurel leaves—a symbol of victory in the ancient Greece—in the form of the wreaths awarded to competition winners.
They are surrounding the Rio 2016 Olympics logo. Bearing a design that celebrates the relationship between the strengths of Olympic heroes and the forces of nature, the 500g gold, silver and bronze medals were made with sustainability at their heart. The silver and bronze medals were produced using 30 per cent recycled materials while the ribbons were made from 50 per cent recycled PET.
Meanwhile, the gold medals were completely free of mercury. The gold medals were purer than ever, meeting sustainability criteria from extraction to refining, as well as meeting strict environmental and labour laws. They made use of recycled raw silver at 92.5 per cent purity, coming from leftover mirrors, waste solders and X-ray plates. (IOC) Rio 2016
Is Michael Phelps the greatest athlete of all time?
Best athletes of all-time: Michael Phelps Wearing a record twenty-eight medals around his neck, Michael Phelps will go down in history as the most successful and decorated Olympian in history. Michael Fred Phelps was born on June 30th, 1985 in Baltimore, Maryland.
At the ripe age of seven-years-old, Michael began to swim. With every lap, he expressed his excitement for the sport. He began swimming to release energy and turned this release into the perfect way for him to live his life. By the time he was ten, he had already achieved a national record for his age group and brought in many wins for himself at swim competitions, nationally and locally.
At the 2008 Beijing games, he broke fellow American swimmer Mark Spitz’s 1972 record of first place finishes at any single Olympic Game. After many more wins from 2008-2012, he became known as the most successful athlete of the Olympics for the fourth time in a row.
Phelps is often compared to runner and fellow Olympian Usain Bolt. Phelps has more than three times the medals and wins then Bolt does. Of course, swimming and running are two completely different sports, but when it comes to overall wins and athletic abilities, Phelps takes the cake. After the success in 2008, Phelps organized and founded the Michael Phelps Foundation, which focuses on growth in the sport of swimming along with portraying healthier lifestyles in the world of sports and outside of sports.
He believes that the foundation has helped him achieve many personal goals, along with promoting the importance of water safety and how to pursue dreams. The foundation has provided a learn-to-swim program along with a goal setting curriculum for more than 200,000 individuals through the Boys and Girls Club of America and the Special Olympics International.
Of course, being known as the best swimmer of all-time means you have some serious talent, and Phelps surely does. His best known events are the men’s 400-meter individual medley as well as being the former long course world record holder in the 200-meter freestyle, 100-meter butterfly, 200-meter butterfly, and 200-meter individual medley.
Excelling in all of these top events is not done easily. Phelps spent twenty-four years as a professional swimmer, enduring long, dreadful practices and pouring his entire lifestyle into the sport. His hard work and determination, along with a natural talent, helped him succeed.
Phelps decided to call it quits with the sport in 2016 after winning five gold and one silver medal in the Rio De Janeiro Olympic Games. Rio was Phelps’ motivation to push through and continue, and when it was over, he decided that his time as a swimmer was also over. I feel as if the retirement from what he loved most was well-deserved.
He used his twenty-four years of experience to utterly dominate the world of swimming, so retirement was a respected act. Phelps is known as one of the most inspirational and influential athletes of all-time not only for the medals that he won but also for his abilities to always know what to say to help himself and others continue to dominate.
I want to be able to look back and say, ‘I’ve done everything I can, and I was successful.’ I don’t want to look back and say I should have done this or that.” As we move forward from Phelps’ unsurpassed career, we hope that he will always use his motivational ways to help others in the future. Having more than two-and-a-half times more medals than any other Olympic athlete, in my mind and the minds of many others, Michael Phelps will always be the greatest of all-time.
: Best athletes of all-time: Michael Phelps
Does Michael Phelps still hold any world records?
Michael Phelps is also the long course world record holder in the men’s 400m Individual Medley, the current longest-standing swimming world record on the books, Moreover, he is the former long course world record holder in the 200m Freestyle, 100m Butterfly, 200m Butterfly, and 200m Individual Medley.
Has Russia ever won the Olympics?
Russian athletes first competed at the Olympic Games in 1900, then in 1908 and 1912, competing as part of the Russian Empire, It was not until 1952 that they again appeared at the Olympic Games, as part of the team from the Soviet Union, After the break up of the USSR in 1991, Russian athletes competed as part of the Unified Team at the 1992 Games, then as Russia again in 1996 and ever since.
- Competing as the Soviet Union, the nation finished first overall in the medal tally in 1956, 1960, 1972, 1976 and 1980 and second in 1952, 1964 and 1968.
- Even when Russia was competing on its own, it is still a potent force in the Olympics as it placed in top four in the 1996 up to 2016 editions of the Games.
It also finished second in 1996 to 2000, third in 2004 to 2008 and fourth in 2012 to 2016. Notable Russian athletes include Evgeniya Kanaeva, the first individual all around back-to-back Olympic gold medalists, and its women’s rhythmic gymnastics team, four-time winners of the group all around event.
- Many Russian athletes were barred from attending the 2016 Rio Olympics following revelations state-sponsored doping.
- For the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games, Russia’s flag and anthem were banned (also for the Winter Olympics in Beijing 2022).
- Under the sanctions only Russian athletes who meet certain criteria will only be able to compete.
The Russian athletes who participate at the Tokyo 2020 will do so under the name “ROC” (the acronym of the Russian Olympic Committee).
How long was Russia banned from the Olympics?
Systematic doping of Russian athletes has resulted in 48 Olympic medals stripped from Russia (and Russian associated teams), four times the number of the next highest, and more than 30% of the global total. Russia has the most competitors who have been caught doping at the Olympic Games in the world, with more than 150.
- Doping among Russian competitors is distinct from doping among nationals of other countries in that, rather than doping being an individual choice it is state-sponsored and systematic, with the Russian state being found to have supplied steroids and other drugs to athletes.
- Due to widespread violations of anti-doping regulations, including an attempt to sabotage ongoing investigations by the manipulation of computer data, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) in 2019 banned the Russian Federation from all major sporting events, including the Olympic Games, for four years.
In 2020 the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) reduced the ban period to two years following an appeal by Russia. Competitors from Russia meanwhile may take part in international competitions under a neutral flag and designation.
Has Russia ever won an Olympic medal?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Russia at the Olympics|
|NOC||Russian Olympic Committee|
|Medals Ranked 10th||Gold 222 Silver 213 Bronze 232 Total 667|
|Other related appearances|
|Russian Empire (1900–1912) Soviet Union (1952–1988) Unified Team (1992) Olympic Athletes from Russia (2018) ROC (2020–2022)|
Russia, officially known as the Russian Federation, has competed at the modern Olympic Games on many occasions, but as different nations in its history. As the Russian Empire, the nation first competed at the 1900 Games, and returned again in 1908 and 1912.
After the Russian revolution in 1917, and the subsequent establishment of the Soviet Union in 1922, it would be thirty years until Russian athletes once again competed at the Olympics, as the Soviet Union at the 1952 Summer Olympics, After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia competed as part of the Unified Team in 1992, and finally returned once again as Russia at the 1994 Winter Olympics,
The Russian Olympic Committee was created in 1991 and recognized in 1993. The Soviet Union hosted the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, and the Russian Federation hosted the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, In six appearances Russian athletes have won a total of 425 medals at the Summer Olympic Games and another 121 at the Winter Olympic Games,
Over the most recent twelve Games (since 1994), Russia’s 546 total medals, including 195 gold medals, are third behind only the United States and China, In 2017, Russia was suspended from competing at the Olympic Games due to the state-sponsored doping scandal, Russian athletes were allowed to participate in the 2018 Winter Olympics as the Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR).
They are also allowed to compete at the 2020 Summer Olympics and the 2022 Winter Olympics, representing the Russian Olympic Committee, Amid the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the International Olympic Committee plans to allow Russian athletes participate at the 2024 Summer Olympics as neutrals.
Was Rio 2016 successful?
As an early-evening rain begins to pour, a family of four peer through the fence at Rio’s darkened Olympic park. Four months after the Games ended, there are few signs of life. Leonardo Pasta, 40, an IT technician, and his family are Brazilian but live in Stoke-on-Trent, so their experience of the Games – like most people’s – was confined to television.
I thought they were really good,” Pasta says, as he leads his children into a new bus rapid transit (BRT) line station. “There is always the question of corruption, but they left a good image.” His wife, Danielle Santos, who works in retail, agrees. “With all the worry we had before, the result was more positive than we expected,” she says.
The mood before the games was so gloomy that Brazilians generally had low expectations; for many in Rio, the post-Olympic scenario is even darker, In the months before the Olympics began, an enormous graft scam at the state-run oil company, Petrobras, brought hundreds of thousands on to the streets to call for the impeachment of Brazil’s president, Dilma Rousseff.
Although not directly accused, she was ousted for breaking budget laws a week after the Games ended. The state of Rio declared it was broke and was rescued with a R$2.9bn (£700m) government bailout. To add to that, there was the Zika epidemic, rising crime and Brazil’s worst recession in decades. No wonder Brazilians were hoping things wouldn’t deteriorate to the point that Rio would be shamed in front of the world.
In the end, the Olympics were a success – at least on television, and here in Barra de Tijuca, an upscale west Rio suburb of condominiums, malls and freeways, many saw them as a boon. Barra’s Olympic hub benefited from a new metro line and BRT routes connecting it to the rest of the city.
The transport works really well,” says Walfredo Heringer, 68, as security buzzes him into the gated condominium opposite the Olympic park, where he lives. “It improved the real-estate market.” But working-class Brazilians commuting from far-flung, lower-income areas to work in Barra say the Olympics brought them few tangible benefits.
Vagner de Santana, 39, waiting for a bus outside the Olympic park, says the construction company he works for is so cash-strapped it hasn’t paid his salary for two months, even though it worked on Olympic contracts. Brazil’s chronic unemployment levels mean its workers are scared to quit, his colleague, Fabio Lobo, says.
- That is why we have to accept it.” The Olympic legacy is also clouded by corruption allegations.
- Rio state’s former governor Sérgio Cabral is in jail, accused of leading a gang that pocked R$217m in bribes on public works during his eight-year rule, including the renovation of Rio’s Maracanã stadium, where the opening and closing ceremonies were held.
The companies involved are also embroiled in the Petrobras scandal. Police face protesters in Rio on 6 December. Photograph: Mario Tama/Getty Images Cabral denies the charges. But the state government is running a R$17bn annual deficit, which his successor, Luiz de Souza, blames on falling oil tax revenues. De Souza is trying to introduce austerity measures that state employees, including firemen, police, teachers and prison guards, have angrily protested against.
On 6 December, these protests descended into violence when riot police fired rubber bullets, tear gas and percussion grenades at protesters threatening to invade the state assembly. Rio’s city centre was turned into a riot zone as some protesters threw rocks and others burned barricades, vandalised an empty office block and torched a small digger.
“I have never seen anything like this,” says David Sampaio, a police officer, who took part in the demonstration. Officers say the state’s financial crisis has led to late salaries and shortages of everything from toilet paper to ammunition. Attacks on police bases installed in favelas – low-income, improvised communities – by armed drug gangs have increased.
- And with them, say some favela residents, so have police abuses.
- It is total chaos.
- War between police and drug gangs,” says Eduardo Lima, a PE teacher who lives in Fallet, a favela in central Rio.
- Unfortunately we are paying the price,” Following the murder of an Italian tourist in a neighbouring favela, five people were killed in a police operation in Fallet on 9 November.
Fallet is near the Marina da Glória, where Olympic sailing races were held, and Santa Teresa, a district popular with tourists. But there are no resources for the sport classes Lima holds for children who idolise Brazilian gold medallists such as judoka Rafaela Silva and footballer Neymar. Jonatan Silva and family at Rio’s renovated port. Photograph: Dom Phillips/The Guardian Aside from the new transport links, Rio does have one other concrete legacy – a renovated port area with a tram service, where a waterfront walkway leads to the new Museum of Tomorrow and a pedestrianised square.
This big, safe public space has proved hugely popular with all social classes. On a sunny Saturday afternoon, Jonatan Silva and his young family take pictures in front of the new museum. They say that security, health and education are all precarious in the city, which has seen precious little Olympic benefit.
“Just this here,” Silva says. “The rest is all shit.”
Why is China so successful at Olympics?
China’s Path to Olympic Success – China has adopted a state-driven approach to international sporting competitions, which is designed to boost athletic success through government policies and programs. For instance, The Olympic Glory-winning Program Guidelines 2001-2010 was put forward by China’s General Administration of Sports (GASC) in 2002, which called for China to place among the top three medal winners at the 2008 Olympics.
Included in this plan was “Project 119,” a program aimed at improving outcomes in disciplines where China’s performance had historically been underwhelming, such as swimming and rowing. China’s centralized approach also stands on firm financial backing. In 2021, GASC’s budget stood at roughly $1 billion (RMB 6.4 billion).
By comparison, Australia, which has a track record of performing well at the Summer Olympics, allocated just $124 million to the Australian Sports Commission for the 2020-2021 year. In terms of financing, the United States is a notable point of comparison, as it is one of only a handful of countries that do not have government-funded sports programs.
- American athletes rely instead on private sponsorship.
- Part of China’s sports spending in recent years likely went to preparing China for the 2022 Winter Olympics.
- In 2016, China’s leaders put forth the National Construction Plan of Winter Sports Infrastructure, which outlined a goal of building 650 skating rinks and 800 ski resorts (complete with fake snow) by 2022.
According to reports, China achieved this goal, with a total of 654 skating rinks and 804 ski resorts set up by January 2022. China’s Paralympic athletes have also benefited from strong financial support. Since hosting the Paralympics in 2008, China has built a variety of infrastructure to support disabled athletes and people.
As of December 2020, China had trained nearly 140,000 instructors for disabled athletes and developed 13,313 specialized community fitness centers across the country, with training centers in each province. This level of support has contributed to the enormous success of China’s Paralympians. China stormed the 2020 Tokyo Paralympics, earning 207 total medals —83 more medals than the United Kingom, which placed second in the overall medal count.
China’s top-down approach is also integral to how it recruits athletes. Promising children as young as 4 years old are trained through China’s over 2,000 state-run sports academies. While this method has helped raise medal counts, it has done little to improve international perceptions of China.
Foreign observers have been critical of the toll these sports academies take on young athletes, with one US women’s rowing coach referring to Chinese athletes as “robots with all the resources they could ever ask for.” Beijing has countered this criticism by arguing that its training programs provide underprivileged families with the resources their children need to compete internationally.
Such was the case with the captain of China’s gold-winning 2016 women’s volleyball team, Zhu Ting, who grew up in poverty but was given the opportunity to compete through a state-run training school. Other notable Chinese athletes, such as former basketball superstar Yao Ming, have been educated through this system.
Nonetheless, it appears that Beijing may be shifting its priorities from focusing primarily on increasing medal counts to also cultivating likable personalities. Despite underperforming at the 2016 Rio Olympics, Chinese athletes seemed more inclined to express themselves. Chinese swimmer Fu Yuanhui garnered international praise for speaking openly about how menstruation may have affected her performance.
That same year, Chinese athlete Qin Kai publicly proposed to his girlfriend, He Zi, after she received a silver medal in diving. This emerging trend was summed up by state-backed newspaper Global Times in 2016: “We no longer need to focus on the number of gold medals to prove the nation’s strength, but can instead applaud how much effort the athletes have paid and the true character behind them.”
What is the most successful country in Olympic history?
The U.S. has the most gold medals – 1,229 and counting. The Soviet Union is second with 473 gold medals, followed by Germany and China with 384, Olympedia reports. The U.S. has also won the most silver medals of any country by a large margin. The U.S. has 1,000 silver medals and the next highest is Germany with 419.
How much did the Rio Olympics cost?
How do the benefits compare to the costs? – As the costs of hosting have skyrocketed, revenues cover only a fraction of expenditures. Beijing’s 2008 Summer Olympics generated $3.6 billion in revenue, compared with over $40 billion in costs, and London’s Summer Games in 2012 generated $5.2 billion compared with $18 billion in costs.
What’s more, much of the revenue doesn’t go to the host—the IOC keeps more than half of all television revenue, typically the single largest chunk of money generated by the games. Impact studies carried out or commissioned by host governments before the games often argue that hosting the event will provide a major economic lift by creating jobs, drawing tourists, and boosting overall economic output.
However, research carried out after the games shows that these purported benefits are dubious. In a study of the 2002 Salt Lake City Games, for example, Matheson, along with economists Robert Baumann and Bryan Engelhardt of Massachusetts’s College of the Holy Cross, found a short-term boost of seven thousand additional jobs—about one-tenth the number promised by officials—and no long-term increase in employment.
As a study by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development explains, the jobs created by Olympics construction are often temporary, and unless the host region is suffering from high unemployment, the jobs mostly go to workers who are already employed, blunting the impact on the broader economy.
(Only 10 percent of the forty-eight thousand temporary jobs created during the 2012 London Olympics went to previously unemployed people, according to the study.) Economists have also found that the impact on tourism is mixed, as the security, crowding, and higher prices that the Olympics bring dissuade many visitors.
Barcelona, which hosted in 1992, is cited as a tourism success story, rising from the eleventh to the sixth most popular destination in Europe after the Summer Games there, and Sydney and Vancouver both saw slight increases in tourism after they hosted. But London, Beijing, and Salt Lake City all saw decreases in tourism the years of their Olympics.
Economists have found that the Olympics’ impact on tourism is mixed, given the security, crowding, and higher prices. In Brazil, the first South American country to host the Olympics, the cost of the 2016 games exceeded $20 billion, with the city of Rio alone shouldering at least $13 billion.
- Challenged by the country’s deep recession, Rio required a $900 million bailout from the federal government to cover the cost of policing the Olympics and was unable to pay all of its public employees.
- The city also had to invest heavily in a broad range of infrastructure, which was meant to reinvigorate some of its struggling neighborhoods, yet in the aftermath most venues have been abandoned or barely used,
Ultimately, there is little evidence for an overall positive economic impact. Boston’s National Bureau of Economic Research has published findings that hosting has a positive impact on a country’s international trade. But economists Stephen Billings of the University of North Carolina and Scott Holladay of the University of Tennessee-Knoxville found no long-term impact of hosting on a country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
Which country held the last Olympics?
The Summer Olympic Games (French: Jeux olympiques d’été ), also known as the Games of the Olympiad, and often referred to as the Summer Olympics, is a major international multi-sport event normally held once every four years. The inaugural Games took place in 1896 in Athens, Greece, and the most recent Games were held in 2021 in Tokyo, Japan,
- The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is responsible for organising the Games and for overseeing the host city’s preparations.
- The tradition of awarding medals began in 1904 ; in each Olympic event, gold medals are awarded for first place, silver medals for second place, and bronze medals for third place.
The Winter Olympic Games were created out of the success of the Summer Olympic Games, which are regarded as the largest and most prestigious multi-sport international event in the world. The Summer Olympics have increased in scope from a 42-event competition programme in 1896 with fewer than 250 male competitors from 14 nations, to 339 events in 2021 with 11,420 competitors (almost half of whom were women) from 206 nations.
The Games have been held in nineteen countries over five continents: four times in the United States ( 1904, 1932, 1984, and 1996 ); three times in Great Britain ( 1908, 1948, and 2012 ); twice each in Greece ( 1896 and 2004 ), France ( 1900 and 1924 ), Germany ( 1936 and 1972 ), Australia ( 1956 and 2000 ), and Japan ( 1964 and 2020 ); and once each in Sweden ( 1912 ), Belgium ( 1920 ), the Netherlands ( 1928 ), Finland ( 1952 ), Italy ( 1960 ), Mexico ( 1968 ), Canada ( 1976 ), the Soviet Union ( 1980 ), South Korea ( 1988 ), Spain ( 1992 ), China ( 2008 ), and Brazil ( 2016 ).
London was the first city to host the Summer Olympic Games three times. As of 2022, Paris, Los Angeles, Athens and Tokyo have each hosted twice; Paris will host for the third time in 2024, followed by Los Angeles which will host the Games in 2028,
How many medals did Russia win in Rio?
|Russia at the 2016 Summer Olympics|
|Medals Ranked 4th||Gold 19 Silver 17 Bronze 20 Total 56|
|Summer Olympics appearances (overview)|
|1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020 2024|
|Other related appearances|
Has anyone ever beaten Michael Phelps?
France’s Leon Marchand demolishes Michael Phelps’ final world record, the 400 IM one which he had held for 21 years, to win the world title in Fukuoka.
Who was more dominant Usain Bolt or Michael Phelps?
Who is the greater Olympian, Michael Phelps or Usain Bolt? Definitively comparing athletes across sports is impossible. It’s also the quintessence of sports debate, tying in various tangential questions of how to quantify athleticism, skill and sporting greatness, and how to consider the merits of different games, competitions and achievements.
And, most importantly, it’s wildly entertaining. With Michael Phelps last Saturday, and Usain Bolt, one of these comparisons stares us in the face: Who is the greater Olympian? Phelps or Bolt? The debate rages on in bars and offices and cafeterias and sports talk radio studios across the United States.
It might spread its way around the world too. Strictly speaking, the answer is Phelps. His 23 golds are more than twice as many as any other Olympian. Phelps has more than three times as many total medals as Bolt. But the argument is deeper than those simple numbers, even if medal counts are the most apt quantification of Olympic greatness.
Phelps has competed in 30 Olympic events. His medal conversion rate is a remarkable 28/30, or 93.3 percent, and his gold medal hit rate is 23/30, or 76.7 percent. Bolt is even better. He missed once, as a 17-year-old in 2004. Since, he’s stepped into the blocks nine times at the Olympics. He’s won nine golds.
Bolt is also 3-for-3 in world records. He — and his Jamaican relay team — holds the best-ever marks in the 100, 200 and 4×100. Phelps, who has competed in and medaled in nine Olympic events, holds world records in six, though three are as part of relay teams.
- Bolt has never not been the greatest since the 2008 Olympics in Beijing.
- Phelps, on the other hand, has been challenged in some of his events.
- He’s only won one gold and one bronze in the 200 free.
- He finished fourth in the 400 medley in 2012, and didn’t compete in the event in 2016.
- He got pipped for gold by Chad Le Clos in the 200 fly in 2012, and by Joseph Schooling in the 100 fly this past Friday.
Phelps has the longevity and the multifariousness. Bolt has the indubitable dominance. So what do we value? Do we value Bolt winning the title of “fastest man alive,” then doing it again, and again? Or do we value Phelps not only being the world’s best swimmer four Olympiads in a row, but swimming to that title by mastering four different strokes over three different distances? Usain Bolt won the 100-meter race Sunday night, his third straight Olympic gold in the event. (Getty) One subjective argument says Bolt’s title is superior because of the elemental nature of running. Phelps does something that only, The percentage is probably lower in other countries.
The talent pool above which Phelps has to rise is thus significantly smaller. Bolt, on the other hand, does something that the majority of the world does, or can do: he runs. He runs just like a high school soccer player does in competition, just like middle-aged men and women do to stay fit, just like 6-year-olds do on playgrounds.
And Bolt does it better than anybody in the world ever has. But Bolt does that one thing. He’s never stretched himself beyond the 200-meter race at an Olympic level. He’s never done the hurdles or the long jump. His agent even admitted that, Some of this is out of his control, of course.
The 400 and the 100 were run on the same night in Rio; Bolt wouldn’t be able to be at his best for both. But still, Phelps’ repertoire is wider. He’s won multiple golds in 100s, 200s and 400s. He’s won golds in the freestyle, the butterfly and medleys. And he too must swim multiple races in a night. Most swimmers, like runners, have to specialize to reach the pinnacle of a certain stroke or distance.
Phelps hasn’t done that, and he’s still better than those who have. Plus, although Bolt’s repertoire is limited by the nature of the events, there aren’t that many more swimming events (17) than there are running events (13). And while it’s not fair to consider Bolt’s events alongside the 3,000-meter steeplechase or the marathon, it’s similarly silly to look at Phelps’ events in the same picture as the 100-meter breaststroke or the 10-kilometer open water race. But Lewis ran and jumped to nine total Olympic golds. He topped the world on at least one occasion each in the 100, 200, 4×100 and long jump. Medal count-wise, Bolt doesn’t even stand alone with the most gold medals in his sport. Here’s where Phelps still stands out.
- His 23 golds are 14 more than Mark Spitz’s 9.
- His 28 total medals are 16 more than anybody else in the sport.
- Heck, if Phelps were a country, he’d rank third all time in Olympic swimming golds, behind the United States and Australia.
- Bolt would not rank in the top 20 in athletics.
- If we break athletics down into solely running events, he would probably crack the top 10.
If we break running events down into only sprints, he would be somewhere around fifth. Regardless, Phelps stands out more when viewed through this historical lens. So who is greater? And perhaps the greatest? Bolt’s legacy is fresh in out minds after Friday.
Who is the better athlete Usain Bolt or Michael Phelps?
Usain Bolt won his third gold medal of the Rio Olympics on Friday night with another scintillating sprint in Jamaica’s 4×100 relay. That gives Bolt nine gold medals in his last nine Olympic races and ties him for second on the all-time tally of golds, well behind another Rio star, Michael Phelps.
- If we take both at their word that this is their final Olympics, then it’s finally the right time to ask the question – Bolt or Phelps: Who’s the greatest Olympian of all? Let’s break it down.
- The case for Michael Phelps He’s the un disputed medal king Every individual medal count from now until the infathomable future will be topped by Michael Phelps.
He has 23 gold medals, more than 2.5 the times of any other athlete in Olympic history (Bolt, Carl Lewis, Mark Spitz, Larisa Latynina and Paavo Nurmi). His 28 total medals have him clear of Latynina (second on the list) by 10. Nobody else is within a dozen.
The longevity Phelps made the Olympics at 15 years old – becoming the youngest U.S. swimmer in 68 years – and finished 5th in the 200 fly. Less celebrated was Bolt’s Olympic debut, made when he was 18 at the Athens Olympics. Unheralded and, unlike Phelps, without an expectation of future greatness, Bolt ran the the 200m and finished 5th in his heat and ended up in a tie for 40th.
Phelps also became the first swimmer and just the third athlete in history to win an event at four straight Olympics (the 200 IM in 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016). Carl Lewis an Al Oerter had done so before in the long jump and discus, respectively. He swam at five Summer Games overall, compared to four cycles for Bolt (16 years to 12).
The records The Marylander retires with three individual world records and three relay gold records, including a 200 fly record that seems untouchable in the near future. He broke dozens of other records in his career and in events like the 200 fly and 400 IM, he’s responsible for a majority of the fastest races ever swum.
Comparing to Bolt As mentioned before, Bolt has nine golds in track, a feat that’s been accomplished twice before, by Lewis and Nurmi. His three track medals per Olympics is a great feat but one that’s been accomplished more than a dozen times by other athletes (not the three golds part).
All those triple winners are tied for third though, as Lewis and Jesse Owens once won four gold medals in a single Olympic track competition (they added long jump to Bolt’s program). Meanwhile, Phelps has the most medals won in the pool in a single Olympics, in two Olympics and a career. The case for Usain Bolt The world’s fastest man No man had ever won the 100m at two straight non-boycotted Olympics until Usain Bolt.
Then he went and won three. No man had ever won the 200m at two straight Olympics of any kind. Then he went and won three. No one has ever dominated sprinting like Bolt. Records that will stand for decades Nobody in Rio came within three-tenths of Bolt’s 9.58 in the 100.
- His 200 record – 19.19 – was 0.83 better than any other competitor not named Usain.
- In a world in which track records can last for decades – the 200m went Tommie Smith (1968) to Pietro Mennea (1979) to Michael Johnson (1996) to Usian Bolt (2008).
- Starting in 2018 it’ll have been 50 years with four men as the world-record holder.
Bolt’s marks are so unfathomably fast that they could last his lifetime, if not longer. The undefeated (since 2008) Most have forgotten Bolt’s 2004 disappointment in Athens. Despite what you may hear he’s not actually perfect. But since he became Usain Bolt, he was indeed a pristine nine-for-nine.
- Nine races.
- Nine golds.
- Throw in that 2004 performance and Bolt is 9 for 10 with medals and golds.
- Phelps has swum 30 Olympic races.
- He’s won 23 golds, 3 silver and 2 bronze – with that fifth place as a 15-year-old and a fourth-place in the 400 IM in London representing his only non-podiums.
- Percentage wise, that’s advantage Bolt for gold percentage and Phelps for medal percentage.) So, who’s the most dominant Olympian? As a student of history (or someone who earned a degree in the subject while either laying in a puddle of my own drool or playing Madden 2001 instead of going to class), I loathe that sports analysis has strictly become a “what have you done for me lately” exercise.
If it hasn’t happened in the past 20 years then it might as well have never occurred at all. Let’s get this out of the way then: Babe Ruth is the greatest baseball player who ever lived. Nobody will ever be better. Wilt Chamberlain dominated basketball like no one before or after though that doesn’t necessarily make him a better player than Michael Jordan.
- I mention this not to start another debate but to say I’ve considered all 28 Olympics dating back to 1896, not just the ones hosted by Bob Costas.
- What does that show? First, athletes of today have it easier, in a way.
- They train more with a better understanding of methods, the human body, diet, recovery, etc.
Shoes and bathing suits are unrecognizable from what was used in the past, not to mention the for-speed design of tracks and pools. Athletes of the past few decades have also competed for longer. Swimmers back in the era of Mark Spitz (who won seven gold medals in a single Games and then became a trivia answer when Phelps passed him in 2008) didn’t swim until they were 30 – they had a living to make.
- Jesse Owens had to go pro after the 1936 Olympics and would have been ineligible to compete in the 1940 Games, if there had been an Olympics in 1940 and 1944.
- On the other hand, sport has been globalized.
- Mark Spitz had to deal with Soviet and Eastern Bloc athletes, sure, but Phelps and Bolt have to face the world.
When Joseph Schooling of Singapore beat him in the 100 fly, not only was it Singapore’s first swimming medal in history but it was Singapore’s first gold medal of any kind. Swimmers, runners and any other athlete can come from anywhere now. Facilities around the world have improved and America’s desire to bring talented athletes to the States in order to train and compete in college have helped make the sports world a much smaller place.
- None of this answers the question of Phelps vs.
- Bolt, of course.
- Perhaps I’m stalling.
- What’s easy to say is that one is the greatest who’s ever run on the track and the other is the greatest who’s ever swum in the pool.
- I’d like to leave it at that but you didn’t read 1,000 words for a cop out.
- Michael Phelps is the greatest Olympian ever,
That’s no knock on Bolt but we can base this honorific based on one comparative stat mentioned above. Since pitting the two is impossible, you have to look within their respective sports. Both have made history within them. Both should, and will, be known as the best ever.
But, in track, Bolt is one of three athletes with nine golds. He has his records, streaks and everything else, but his overall haul is merely awesome, not unthinkable. Phelps has 23 golds (14 more than the nearest swimmer) and 28 medals (twice as much as any other swimmer). Really, there’s no comparison.
We should feel supremely lucky. Over the past three Olympics (and for one before) we’ve had the honor of watching two of the greatest athletes in history compete back-to-back in the same two-week stretch at the world’s greatest sporting event. You can argue my answer, but you can’t disagree with this: It’s been a pleasure.
Is Michael Phelps the fastest swimmer ever?
How does Michael Phelps compare to Caleb Dressel in terms of swimming speed? – While Phelps’ top speed of 6 mph is debatable, the fastest recorded swimmer is, Dressel, during the 2017 World Championships, became the first swimmer to record a time of below five seconds in the first 15 meters. Dressel celebrates his WR 50-meter swim
Who has beaten Michael Phelps records?
Updated on: July 29, 2023 / 8:48 PM / CBS News Ledecky breaks Phelps’ swimming record Katie Ledecky breaks Michael Phelps’ record for most world swimming titles 00:23 Olympic champion Katie Ledecky on Saturday broke Michael Phelps’ record for most individual world swimming titles. At the World Aquatic Championships in Fukoka, Japan, Ledecky collected her 16th world title by winning the 800-meter freestyle, her favorite distance, with a time of 8:08.87. It marked her sixth consecutive time winning that distance — the longest ever streak in a single event in the championships’ history, Ledecky had tied Phelps’ record on Tuesday when she won in the 1,500-meter freestyle — her fifth victory in that specific race. Katie Ledecky of United States is seen after winning the women’s 800m freestyle final on day seven of the Fukuoka 2023 World Aquatics Championships on July 29, 2023 in Fukuoka, Japan. Ian MacNicol / Getty Images “I know Michael, I know how many events he swam at meets like this,” Ledecky said in a poolside interview.
It’s an honor to even be in that same sentence.” While she recognized the magnanimity of beating Phelps’ record, Ledecky calmly took in her record-breaking victory, giving credit to her competitors for pushing her to perform at such a high level. “I’ve never even dreamt of even coming to meets like this, so to be here and to have been to a bunch of world championships is amazing,” Ledecky said poolside.
“It is always a battle, it is always a great race. So I know I have to bring my best every single time.” The 26-year-old said the 800-meter race is her favorite because she has worked the hardest at it over the years. “It’s just the one that I hold closest to me given that the 1,500 was only added to the Olympics in 2021.
I think it’s the one I’ve focused on the most,” she said. Ledecky beat out silver medallist Li Bingjie of China by almost 4.5 seconds. Australian swimmer Ariarne Titmus came in third. The Maryland native is the most decorated female swimmer of all time with six individual Olympic gold medals along, with her 16 individual world titles.
The World Aquatics Championships are held every two years. Ledecky began her Olympic career at age 15, picking up her first gold medal in the 800-meter freestyle in the 2012 London Olympics.
In: Katie Ledecky Michael Phelps Olympics Swimming
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What does Michael Phelps do now?
An absolute dart on the famous 16th hole at the TPC-Scottsdale earned $40,000 for the charity of Phelps’ choice during a ProAm competition. Archive photo via Vitor Silva/SSPress Michael Phelps, the most-decorated swimmer and Olympian in history, continues to win, even more than six years after his retirement from the sport.
This weekend, Phelps won the Shot at Glory competition at the Waste Management Phoneix Open Pro-Am competition, dubbed “The People’s Open.” Playing on the 16th hole of the TPC Scottsdale, the course’s infamous par 3 hole whipped by wind and sound from a huge grandstand, Phelps stuck his drive just 8’5″ from the pin.
That secured $40,000 for his charity of choice.2nd-closest was YouTuber Peter Finch, who received $25,000 for his charity, and 3rd-closest was Minnesota Vikings wide receiver Adam Thielen, who secured $15,000 for his charity. This year’s Waste Management Open, with its fan-friendly galleries and 70-degree February weather, has drawn an especially-big interest from the public, because Phoenix is also hosting the Super Bowl this weekend: one of the world’s biggest sporting events.
The Pro-Am has been buoyed by local Phoenix celebrities like Phelps and Larry Fitzgerald, as well as NFL legends like Emmit Smith, Jerome Bettis, JJ Watt, and Reggie Bush. Future major league baseball Hall of Famer Albert Pujols, legendary soccer player Carli Lloyd, and a ton of other celebrities from within and outside of the world of sports made appearances,
Phelps’ foursome paired with PGA pros Gary Woodland on the front 9 and Gary Woodland on the back 9. The group of PGA Tour pros Brian Harman and Taylor Pendrith with Swire Coca-Cola CEO Rob Gehring won the event. The full final standings were never released.
- Since retiring from the pool, Phelps has stayed active in a number of sports, including lots of ProAm appearances.
- He has become a regular at this tournament in particular.
- While he has been an avid golfer for years, which includes as the former record holder for the longest televised putt from a ProAm event in Scotland, he has also tried his hand in a pickleball ProAm last year in Phoenix,
This year’s Waste Management Phoenix Open includes a huge $20 million prize pool, including $3.6 million to the winner. Through three days of competition, Scott Scheffler has a two-stroke lead on the field with a score of -13 through three days of the four-day tournament.
What Olympic medals has Michael Phelps won?
Michael Phelps, in full Michael Fred Phelps II, (born June 30, 1985, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.), American swimmer, who was the most-decorated athlete in Olympic history with 28 medals, which included a record 23 gold. At the 2008 Games in Beijing, he became the first athlete to win eight gold medals at a single Olympics.
Phelps was raised in a family of swimmers and joined the prestigious North Baltimore Aquatic Club at age seven. He finished fifth in the 200-metre butterfly at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, At the 2001 U.S. spring nationals, he became at age 15 the youngest world-record holder in men’s swimming when he posted 1 min 54.92 sec in the 200-metre butterfly.
He went on that year to win his first international title at the world championships in Fukuoka, Japan, He claimed five medals at the 2002 Pan Pacific championships, including three gold (200-metre and 400-metre individual medley and 4 × 100-metre medley relay).
- At the U.S.
- Spring nationals in 2003, he became the first male swimmer to claim titles in three different strokes at a single national championship, and he later broke an unprecedented five individual world records at the world championships in Barcelona, Spain,
- Phelps also captured five titles at the U.S.
summer nationals—the most won by a male swimmer at a single championship. Britannica Quiz I Am the Greatest (Athlete) At the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, Phelps captured six gold medals (200-metre and 400-metre IM, 100-metre and 200-metre butterfly, 4 × 200-metre freestyle relay, and 4 × 100-metre medley relay) and two bronze medals (200-metre freestyle and 4 × 100-metre freestyle relay) while setting five Olympic or world records.
- His four individual swimming gold medals tied a record set by American Mark Spitz at the 1972 Munich Olympics,
- Phelps continued to dominate the sport at the 2007 world championships in Melbourne, where he won seven gold medals (200-metre and 400-metre IM, 100-metre and 200-metre butterfly, 200-metre freestyle, and 4 × 100-metre and 4 × 200-metre freestyle relay) and set five world records.
With his seven titles, Phelps tied Spitz for most wins at a major international meet. Phelps entered the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing with the goal of breaking Spitz’s record of seven gold medals at one Olympics. He took the gold in each of his first three events—the 400-metre IM, the 4 × 100-metre freestyle relay, and the 200-metre freestyle—and each victory took place in world record time.
On August 13 he won golds in the 200-metre butterfly and the 4 × 200-metre freestyle relay to capture his 10th and 11th career gold medals, a new Olympic record. Phelps then won his sixth gold of the Beijing Games by breaking his own world record in the 200-metre IM. He tied Spitz’s record by winning the 100-metre butterfly final by 0.01 second and broke the mark as a member of the victorious American 4 × 100-metre medley relay team.
All told, Phelps set world records in all but one (the 100-metre butterfly) of his eight gold medal-winning events. He followed his record-setting Olympics with five golds (100-metre and 200-metre butterfly, 4 × 100-metre and 4 × 200-metre freestyle relay, and 4 × 100-metre medley relay) and a silver (200-metre freestyle) at the 2009 world championships in Rome,
At the 2012 Olympics in London, Phelps had a disappointing start, failing to medal in his first event, the 400-metre IM. However, he subsequently won silver medals in both the 4 × 100-metre freestyle relay and the 200-metre butterfly and a gold medal in the 4 × 200-metre freestyle relay. With the latter win, Phelps captured an unprecedented 19th career Olympic medal, surpassing the record set by Soviet gymnast Larisa Latynina,
He also claimed gold in the 200-metre IM, becoming the first male swimmer to win the same individual event at three consecutive Olympics; he later won the 100-metre butterfly for the third consecutive time. Phelps, who had announced that he was retiring from the sport after the London Games, captured a gold medal in his final event, the 4 × 100-medley relay.
- Phelps’s retirement was short-lived, as he announced his return to competitive swimming in April 2014.
- In October of that year, he was suspended by USA Swimming for six months after he was charged with driving under the influence, his second such arrest; the first had occurred in 2004.
- Phelps was the American flag-bearer at the opening ceremonies of the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Olympic Games, which were his fifth Games, a record for an American male swimmer.
There he added to his unparalleled medal count by winning golds in the 200-metre IM, 4 × 100-metre medley relay, 4 × 100-metre freestyle relay, and 4 × 200-metre freestyle relay as well as a silver in the 100-metre butterfly. It was his gold in his signature event, the 200-metre butterfly, that captured the most international attention.
- The finals of that race featured South Africa’s Chad le Clos, who had beaten Phelps by five-hundredths of a second in the race at the 2012 Games and who had exchanged verbal barbs with the American over the following four years.
- Before the race, cameras caught le Clos warming up in front of Phelps, who fixed an icy stare upon his rival that instantly became a meme on social media platforms.
In the following race, Phelps eked out a victory by four-hundredths of a second and had an uncharacteristically exuberant celebration in the pool. Having completed his improbably dominant comeback at the 2016 Games, he again retired from competitive swimming. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen,
When did Michael Phelps won 8 gold medals?
Biography – Michael Phelps is arguably the greatest Olympian ever. Some might argue that Usain Bolt, Carl Lewis or Nadia Comaneci have a claim. But for sheer numbers of medals claimed, there is a clear, hands-down winner: Michael Phelps. Even given the fact that Phelps practices a sport in which extremely capable athlete can bag golds across different distances and strokes, his feats still blow away those of any other sportsperson.
Phelps has 28 medals in total: his 23 gold medals are more than double the count of his nearest rivals, and its not as if other swimmers have accrued silly numbers of medals, either. Apart from Spitz, Matt Biondi (USA, eight golds) and Jenny Thompson (USA, eight golds), no other swimmer worldwide has managed more than six gold medals in total.23 is astonishing.
Phelps was born in Baltimore on June 30, 1985, and got serious with the sport after joining the North Baltimore Aquatic Club. He was raised by mother Deborah, alongside his sisters Hilary and Whitney, after his parents divorced. A prodigy at his sport, he went to Sydney 2000 aged just 15 –the youngest man in the USA team for an Olympic Games in 68 years).
- He came close to the podium only in the 200m butterfly, where he finished fifth.
- From then on, he would dominate the next four Games, finishing the most decorated athlete at every one.
- In Athens he won six gold medals and two bronzes, falling just short of Mark Spitz’s world record (seven golds at Munich 1972).
Beijing 2008 would see the greatest ever medal haul by a single athlete in an Olympic Games. Phelps won eight golds – every event he entered – and broke World Records in seven of them. His record looks unlikely to be surpassed any time soon. London 2012 was also astonishing – he got four golds and two silvers – while Rio 2016 saw him stage a historic comeback (he had decided to retire after London), aged 31, to bag five gold medals and one silver.
What races did Phelps win in the Olympics?
|Representing the United States|
|2016 Rio de Janeiro||100 m butterfly|
|2004 Athens||200 m freestyle|
|2004 Athens||4×100 m freestyle|
When did Michael Phelps win his 8th medal?
Today in Sports – Michael Phelps wins 8th gold medal at Beijing Games for most ever at an Olympics Aug.17 1933 — Lou Gehrig of the New York Yankees plays his 1,308th straight game to break Everett Scott’s record of 1,307.1938 — Henry Armstrong wins the lightweight title with a 15-round decision over Lou Ambers and becomes the only boxer to hold world championship titles in three weight divisions simultaneously.
Armstrong won the featherweight (126-pound) title by knocking out Petey Sarron in six rounds on Oct.29, 1937. On May 31, 1938, he won the welterweight (147-pound) championship from Barney Ross by a decision.1960 — Flash Elorde knocks out Harold Gomes at 1:20 in the first round to win the world junior lightweight title.1969 — Ray Floyd beats Gary Player by one stroke to win the PGA championship.1995 — John Roethlisberger wins the U.S.
National Gymnastics Championships’ all-around title in New Orleans, becoming the first gymnast in 28 years to win four titles.1997 — Davis Love III shoots a 66 at Winged Foot to win the PGA Championship in Mamaroneck, N.Y., his first major title, by five strokes over Justin Leonard with a 72-hole total of 11-under 269.2001 — Shingo Katayama shoots a 6-under 64, and David Toms shoots a 65 to share the second-round lead in the PGA Championship.
Atayama and Toms at 9-under 131, tie the PGA record for 36 holes last set by Ernie Els at Riviera in 1995.2005 — The NCAA purchases the rights to the preseason and postseason National Invitation Tournaments as part of a settlement ending a four-year legal fight between the two parties. The 40-team postseason NIT, which is a year older and was once the bigger event, will be run by the NCAA.2008 — At the Summer Olympics in Beijing, Michael Phelps and three teammates win the 400-meter medley relay for Phelps’ eighth gold medal, eclipsing Mark Spitz’s seven-gold performance at the 1972 Munich Games.
Of his five individual races and three relays, Phelps sets world records in seven and an Olympic record in the eighth.2008 — Jesus Sauceda of Matamoros, Mexico, pitches the fifth perfect game in Little League World Series history and the first in 29 years for a 12-0 win over Emilia, Italy.
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- The Rattlers win the championship for the second straight year, beating the Soul in both championship games.2014 — Inbee Park successfully defends her title in the LPGA Championship, beating Brittany Lincicome with a par on the first hole of a playoff to end the United States’ major streak at three.2014 — The Phoenix Mercury sets a WNBA record with their 29th win, beating the Seattle Storm 78-65 in the season finale.
Phoenix (29-5) tops the previous mark set by Los Angeles (28-4 in both 2000 and 2001) and Seattle (28-6 in 2010).2015 — The National Labor Relations Board dismisses a historic ruling that Northwestern University football players are school employees who are entitled to form what would be the nation’s first union of college athletes.2016 — Jamaica’s Elaine Thompson completes the first 100-200 women’s Olympic double since 1988.