How Long Do Bearded Dragons Live

Bearded dragons are popular reptile pets known for their unique appearance and friendly nature. These fascinating creatures can make wonderful companions, but it’s important to understand their lifespan and provide proper care to ensure their well-being. The average lifespan of a bearded dragon is around 8 to 12 years, although some can live longer with proper care and attention.

One of the key factors that determine the lifespan of a bearded dragon is the quality of care they receive. It’s essential to create a suitable habitat for your pet, providing them with a spacious and well-maintained enclosure. The enclosure should include a heat source, such as a basking light, to maintain the reptile’s body temperature. It’s also important to provide a balanced diet consisting of various insects, fruits, and vegetables.

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for the long-term health of your bearded dragon. A veterinarian specializing in reptiles can identify and treat any potential health issues before they become serious. It’s also important to monitor your pet’s behavior and appearance for any signs of illness or discomfort.

Tip: Bearded dragons require a UVB light source to help them produce vitamin D3, which is essential for their overall health and calcium absorption. Ensure that the UVB light is changed regularly, as these lights lose their effectiveness over time.

Proper handling and socialization are also essential for the well-being of bearded dragons. While they may seem docile, they still require gentle handling and regular interaction to remain happy and healthy. It’s important to provide them with opportunities to explore their environment and engage in natural behaviors.

In conclusion, understanding the lifespan and care needs of bearded dragons is essential for anyone considering these reptiles as pets. By providing proper care, regular veterinary check-ups, and plenty of socialization, you can help ensure that your bearded dragon lives a long and fulfilling life.


Lifespan of Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons are known for their relatively long lifespan compared to other reptiles. With proper care and nutrition, they can live for up to 10 to 15 years, and in some cases, even longer. However, the lifespan of a bearded dragon can be influenced by various factors, including genetics, diet, habitat, and overall health.

Genetics: The genetics of a bearded dragon can play a significant role in determining its lifespan. Some individuals may have a predisposition to certain health issues or may be more susceptible to diseases. It’s essential to obtain a dragon from a reputable breeder or seller who can provide information about the genetics and lineage of the reptile.

Diet: Proper nutrition is vital for the health and longevity of bearded dragons. They require a balanced diet consisting of vegetables, fruits, and insects. Feeding them a variety of foods rich in vitamins and minerals will help support their immune system and overall well-being. It’s important to avoid feeding them toxic or harmful foods, such as citrus fruits, avocado, or insects caught from the wild, which can contain pesticides or parasites.

Habitat: Providing a suitable and spacious habitat for your bearded dragon is crucial for its overall health and lifespan. They need a tank or enclosure that is large enough for them to move around freely, as well as a basking area with proper lighting and heat sources. Maintaining optimal temperature and humidity levels is important to promote proper digestion, metabolism, and well-being.

Overall Health: Regular veterinary check-ups are important to monitor the health of your bearded dragon. Routine examinations can help detect any potential health issues early on and ensure that they receive appropriate medical care. It’s also important to provide proper hygiene, including regular cleaning of the enclosure and providing clean water for drinking and bathing.

Conclusion: While bearded dragons have a relatively long lifespan, it’s important to remember that their lifespan can vary depending on individual factors and the care provided. By providing a suitable environment, a balanced diet, regular veterinary care, and plenty of love and attention, you can help ensure that your bearded dragon lives a healthy and fulfilling life for many years to come.

Factors Affecting Bearded Dragon Lifespan

There are several factors that can affect the lifespan of a bearded dragon. These reptiles can live for a significant amount of time if certain factors are taken into consideration. Here are some of the key factors that can impact the lifespan of a bearded dragon:

1. Diet

The diet of a bearded dragon plays a vital role in determining its lifespan. A balanced and nutritious diet is essential for their overall health and longevity. Bearded dragons are omnivorous and require a mixture of live insects, vegetables, and fruits. A varied diet rich in calcium and vitamins is crucial to prevent malnutrition and ensure a longer lifespan.

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2. Environmental Conditions

The environmental conditions in which a bearded dragon is kept can greatly impact its lifespan. Factors such as temperature, humidity, and lighting play a significant role in their health and well-being. Bearded dragons require a proper temperature gradient, with a hot basking spot and a cooler area for regulating body temperature. Additionally, they need access to UVB lighting to synthesize Vitamin D3, which is essential for proper calcium absorption.

3. Housing and Enclosure Size

The size and quality of the housing and enclosure can also affect the lifespan of a bearded dragon. Providing a spacious and appropriately sized enclosure allows them to engage in natural behaviors, such as climbing, basking, and exploring. It is recommended to have a minimum enclosure size of 40 gallons for adult bearded dragons. A clutter-free and clean enclosure also helps in preventing infections and diseases.

4. Regular Veterinary Care

Regular veterinary care is crucial for maintaining the health and longevity of a bearded dragon. Routine check-ups, fecal examinations, and vaccinations help in early detection and prevention of diseases. Finding a reptile-savvy veterinarian who can provide proper care and advice is essential.

5. Stress and Handling

Excessive stress and improper handling can have a negative impact on the lifespan of a bearded dragon. Avoiding frequent and unnecessary handling helps in reducing stress and preventing injuries. It is important to handle them gently and properly, supporting their body to avoid any harm or stress.

6. Genetics

Genetics also play a role in determining the lifespan of a bearded dragon. Some genetic factors may predispose them to certain health issues or conditions that can affect their lifespan. Breeding from healthy and genetically diverse individuals can help mitigate the risk of genetic diseases.

7. Parasite Control

Internal and external parasites can significantly impact the health and longevity of a bearded dragon. Regular parasite prevention and control measures, such as regular fecal examinations and appropriate medication, help in keeping them healthy and preventing any potential complications.

8. Overall Care and Maintenance

Providing proper care and maintenance to a bearded dragon is essential for their well-being and lifespan. This includes regular cleaning of their enclosure, providing fresh water daily, offering a variety of appropriate foods, and monitoring their behavior and health closely.

By considering these factors and providing proper care, you can ensure that your bearded dragon lives a healthy and fulfilling life.

Importance of Proper Care

Proper care is essential for the health and longevity of bearded dragons. These reptiles require specific environmental conditions, diet, and handling to thrive and live a full life. Neglecting their care can lead to various health issues and a shortened lifespan. Here are some reasons why proper care is important:

1. Health and Well-being

Providing proper care ensures that your bearded dragon remains healthy and in good physical condition. This includes maintaining suitable temperatures and humidity levels in their enclosure, as well as providing adequate lighting and a well-balanced diet. Regular veterinary check-ups and proper hygiene practices are also necessary to detect and prevent any potential health problems.

2. Longevity and Lifespan

Bearded dragons have the potential to live up to 10-15 years or more with proper care. By meeting their specific needs, you can significantly extend their lifespan. This includes creating a suitable habitat with the right temperatures, UVB lighting, and proper substrate. A balanced diet rich in nutrients and vitamins is also crucial for their long-term health and longevity.

3. Stress Reduction

Providing a proper care routine for your bearded dragon helps reduce stress. Stress can negatively affect their immune system and overall well-being, making them more susceptible to diseases and infections. By maintaining a consistent and appropriate care regimen, you can minimize their stress levels and promote a healthier lifestyle.

4. Avoiding Common Health Problems

Proper care helps prevent common health problems that bearded dragons may experience. These include metabolic bone disease, respiratory infections, parasites, and nutritional deficiencies. Maintaining the correct temperature gradient, providing a clean and hygienic living environment, and feeding a well-balanced diet significantly reduce the risk of these health issues.

5. Bonding and Interaction

Proper care also involves frequent handling and interaction with your bearded dragon. By spending quality time with them, you can develop a strong bond and trust. Regular interaction helps reduce stress and allows you to monitor their behavior, appetite, and overall health closely. This can lead to a happier and more fulfilling relationship with your pet.

Remember, providing proper care is crucial for the well-being and longevity of your bearded dragon. By understanding and meeting their specific needs, you can ensure they live a healthy and happy life by your side.

Diet and Nutrition for Bearded Dragons

Feeding Schedule

Bearded Dragons are omnivorous creatures, meaning their diet consists of both plant-based and animal-based foods. As a general guideline, you should feed your bearded dragon every day when they are young, gradually decreasing the frequency as they grow older. Adult bearded dragons can be fed every other day.

Vegetables and Greens

Vegetables and greens should make up about 80% of your bearded dragon’s diet. This includes items such as kale, collard greens, mustard greens, dandelion greens, and bell peppers. These vegetables should be finely chopped or shredded for easier consumption.

It’s important to feed a variety of vegetables and greens to ensure your bearded dragon receives a balanced diet. Remember to wash the vegetables thoroughly to remove any pesticides or harmful bacteria.


Fruits should make up about 10% of your bearded dragon’s diet. Offer fruits such as apples, bananas, berries, and melons. Fruits should be cut into small, bite-sized pieces to prevent choking.

While fruits can be a delicious treat for your bearded dragon, they should be fed sparingly due to their high sugar content. Too much fruit can lead to obesity and other health issues.

Insects and Protein

The remaining 10% of your bearded dragon’s diet should consist of insects and other protein sources. This includes crickets, mealworms, superworms, and dubia roaches. Before feeding insects to your bearded dragon, make sure they are gut-loaded with nutritious food and dusted with a calcium supplement.

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It’s important to feed appropriately-sized insects to your bearded dragon. The size of the insect should be no larger than the space between your bearded dragon’s eyes. This ensures they can consume the insect without choking or causing harm.


In addition to a varied diet, bearded dragons may require supplements to meet their nutritional needs. Calcium and vitamin D3 supplements are important for maintaining healthy bones and preventing metabolic bone disease. These supplements can be dusted onto insects or sprinkled on vegetables.

Consult with a reptile veterinarian to determine the appropriate dosage and frequency of supplements for your bearded dragon.


Fresh, clean water should be available for your bearded dragon at all times. However, they may not drink from a dish directly. To ensure they stay hydrated, mist their enclosure with water or provide a shallow dish for them to soak in.

In conclusion, a balanced diet consisting of vegetables, fruits, and insects is crucial for the health and well-being of your bearded dragon. Regularly offer a variety of foods and provide necessary supplements to ensure they receive all the nutrition they need.

Environmental Requirements


Bearded dragons are ectothermic, which means they rely on their environment to regulate their body temperature. It’s important to provide a temperature gradient in their enclosure, with a basking spot that reaches around 95-105°F (35-40°C). The cooler side of the enclosure should be maintained at around 80°F (27°C). This temperature range allows bearded dragons to properly digest their food and thermoregulate.


Bearded dragons require both UVB and UVA light for proper growth and overall health. UVB light helps them metabolize calcium and prevent metabolic bone disease. UVA light stimulates natural behaviors and helps regulate their sleep-wake cycle. It’s recommended to provide a full-spectrum UVB light for 10-12 hours a day, along with a regular light source for a consistent day-night cycle.



Bearded dragons thrive in low humidity environments, typically around 30-40%. High humidity can lead to respiratory problems and skin infections. It’s important to provide good ventilation in their enclosure to prevent humidity buildup. Regular misting can be done to provide hydration, but excessive moisture should be avoided.

Enclosure Setup

Bearded dragons require a spacious enclosure that mimics their natural habitat. A minimum enclosure size for an adult bearded dragon is 40 gallons, but larger enclosures are recommended to allow for more movement and enrichment. A secure lid is necessary to prevent escape.

  • Include various substrates like reptile carpet, tiles, or non-toxic sand.
  • Provide multiple hiding spots such as rocks, caves, and logs for them to feel secure.
  • Place branches or vines for climbing and exercise.
  • Use a shallow water dish for drinking and bathing, but make sure it’s not too deep to avoid drowning.


A proper diet is essential for the health and longevity of bearded dragons. Their diet consists mainly of a variety of insects, leafy greens, and occasional fruits. Insects like crickets, dubia roaches, and mealworms should be dusted with calcium and vitamins before feeding.

  1. Offer a staple diet of leafy greens and vegetables, such as collard greens, mustard greens, and butternut squash.
  2. Limit fruits to once or twice a week as they are high in sugar.
  3. Avoid feeding them toxic plants like rhubarb or avocado.

Cleanliness and Maintenance

Regular cleaning and maintenance of the enclosure are essential for the health of your bearded dragon.

  • Spot clean the enclosure daily to remove feces.
  • Sanitize the water dish and food bowls regularly.
  • Deep clean the enclosure once a month, removing all substrate and disinfecting the enclosure walls and decorations.

By providing the correct environmental requirements, you can ensure a long and healthy life for your bearded dragon.

Handling and Socialization

Handling and socialization are important aspects of bearded dragon care. By handling your bearded dragon regularly, you can help them become more comfortable with human interaction and reduce stress. Here are some tips for handling and socializing your bearded dragon:

1. Start Slowly

When you first bring your bearded dragon home, give them a few days to acclimate to their new environment before attempting to handle them. This will help them feel more secure and comfortable.

2. Use Proper Technique

When handling your bearded dragon, use gentle and slow movements. Always support their body properly and avoid squeezing or putting pressure on their abdomen. Hold them close to your body to provide them with a sense of security.

3. Be Consistent

Try to handle your bearded dragon on a regular basis, but be mindful of their stress levels. Start with short and frequent handling sessions and gradually increase the duration as they become more comfortable.

4. Gradually Introduce Other People

Once your bearded dragon is comfortable with you, introduce them to other people slowly and gradually. This will help them become socialized and comfortable with different individuals.

5. Provide Positive Experiences

During handling sessions, provide your bearded dragon with positive experiences. Offer them treats, pet them gently, and speak to them in a calm and soothing voice. This will help them associate human interaction with positive experiences.

6. Observe Body Language

Pay attention to your bearded dragon’s body language during handling. If they show signs of stress, such as puffing up their beard, flattening their body, or trying to escape, give them a break and try again later.

7. Avoid Overhandling

While regular handling is important, avoid overhandling your bearded dragon. They also need time to rest and relax in their terrarium. Aim for a balance between interaction and private time.

8. Supervise Interactions

If you have children or other pets, always supervise interactions between them and your bearded dragon. Teach children how to handle them gently and ensure that other pets do not pose a threat to their safety.

By following these tips, you can help your bearded dragon become more comfortable with handling and socialization, leading to a happier and healthier pet.

Common Health Issues

1. Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD)

Metabolic Bone Disease is a common health issue in bearded dragons that occurs due to calcium and vitamin D3 deficiency. This can happen if the dragon’s diet does not include enough calcium-rich foods or if it doesn’t receive enough exposure to natural sunlight or proper UVB lighting. MBD can result in weak or broken bones, tremors, and difficulty walking. Supplementing the dragon’s diet with calcium and providing proper lighting can help prevent MBD.

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2. Respiratory Infections

Respiratory infections are another common health issue in bearded dragons. These infections can be caused by a variety of factors, including improper temperature and humidity levels in the dragon’s habitat, poor sanitation, and stress. Symptoms of respiratory infections may include wheezing, discharge from the nose or mouth, and lethargy. It is important to provide a clean and well-maintained habitat for the dragon and seek veterinary care if any respiratory infection symptoms are noticed.

3. Parasites

Bearded dragons can also be susceptible to various parasites, such as mites, ticks, and intestinal parasites. These can be contracted from contaminated food or substrate, or from exposure to other infected reptiles. Parasites can cause a range of health issues, including skin irritation, weight loss, and digestive problems. Regular fecal examinations and proper hygiene practices can help prevent and treat parasite infestations.

4. Impaction

Impaction occurs when a bearded dragon ingests a foreign object that cannot be easily passed through their digestive system. This can happen if the dragon accidentally consumes substrate, small stones, or other objects in their enclosure. Impaction can cause a blockage in the digestive tract and lead to serious health issues. Providing a proper substrate that is not easily consumed and monitoring the dragon’s eating habits can help prevent impaction.

5. Mouth Rot

Mouth rot, also known as stomatitis, is a bacterial infection that affects the mouth and gums of bearded dragons. It can be caused by poor oral hygiene, a weakened immune system, or injuries to the mouth. Symptoms of mouth rot may include redness, swelling, and discharge from the mouth, as well as loss of appetite. Regular cleaning of the dragon’s mouth and maintaining proper oral hygiene can help prevent mouth rot.

6. Shedding Issues

6. Shedding Issues

Bearded dragons go through shedding as they grow. However, sometimes they may experience difficulties during the shedding process. This can lead to retained shed, where the old skin does not properly come off, causing constriction and potential injury. Providing proper humidity levels and bathing the dragon can help facilitate the shedding process and prevent any complications.

7. Egg Binding

Female bearded dragons may experience egg binding, which occurs when they are unable to lay their eggs. This can be caused by various factors, including calcium deficiency, inadequate nesting areas, or egg size. Egg binding can result in serious health issues for the female, including infections and organ damage. Providing proper nesting areas, a calcium-rich diet, and monitoring the female’s behavior can help prevent and treat egg binding.

Tips for Extending Your Bearded Dragon’s Lifespan

Diet and Nutrition

A proper diet plays a crucial role in extending your bearded dragon’s lifespan. Here are some tips:

  • Feed your bearded dragon a balanced diet of vegetables, fruits, and insects.
  • Provide a variety of vegetables and fruits to ensure they receive a wide range of nutrients.
  • Avoid feeding your bearded dragon insects that are too big or hard to digest.
  • Consider offering dietary supplements, such as calcium and vitamin D3, to ensure proper nutrition.

Enclosure Setup

The environment in which your bearded dragon lives also affects its health and lifespan. Follow these tips for a suitable enclosure setup:

  • Provide a spacious enclosure with adequate room for your bearded dragon to move and bask.
  • Ensure the enclosure is equipped with proper heating and lighting to replicate their natural habitat.
  • Keep the enclosure clean by regularly removing waste and providing fresh water.
  • Add hiding spots and branches for climbing to increase enrichment and mental stimulation.

Hygiene and Cleanliness

Keeping your bearded dragon clean and healthy is essential for a longer lifespan. Here are some hygiene tips:

  • Clean and disinfect their enclosure regularly to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.
  • Keep their claws trimmed to prevent injury or discomfort.
  • Ensure proper substrate that is easy to clean and doesn’t cause any digestive issues if ingested.
  • Monitor and maintain optimal humidity levels to prevent respiratory problems.

Regular Veterinary Care

Regular veterinary check-ups are vital to ensure the overall health and well-being of your bearded dragon. Here’s what you should do:

  • Find a reptile veterinarian experienced in treating bearded dragons.
  • Schedule regular check-ups to monitor their health and address any issues promptly.
  • Discuss with your veterinarian about vaccination and parasite prevention.

Handling and Socialization

Proper handling and socialization contribute to your bearded dragon’s emotional well-being. Consider these tips:

  • Handle your bearded dragon regularly to help them become accustomed to human interaction.
  • Avoid sudden movements or loud noises that may stress or frighten them.
  • Provide socialization opportunities with other bearded dragons, if possible.

By following these tips, you can help extend your bearded dragon’s lifespan and provide them with a happy and healthy life.


How long do bearded dragons live in captivity?

Bearded dragons can live up to 10 years or even longer in captivity if they are properly cared for.

What is the average lifespan of a bearded dragon?

The average lifespan of a bearded dragon is usually between 8 to 12 years, but with proper care, they can live beyond that.

What factors can affect the lifespan of a bearded dragon?

Several factors can affect the lifespan of a bearded dragon, including diet, habitat, temperature, and overall care. Providing a balanced diet, a suitable environment, and regular veterinary check-ups can help ensure a long and healthy life.

Are there any tips for extending the lifespan of a bearded dragon?

Yes, there are several tips for extending the lifespan of a bearded dragon. These include providing a proper diet with a variety of nutritious foods, maintaining suitable temperature and humidity levels in their habitat, offering regular exercise and mental stimulation, and ensuring proper hygiene and cleanliness in their enclosure.